Feudalism

Feudalism was a political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages. For safety and defense people formed small communities around a central lord. Most people lived on a manor, which was built up of a castle, a church, and a village with surrounding farmland.


This is an example of what a Medieval Manor would look like.
This is an example of what a Medieval Manor would look like.

The land that was granted was called a fief and the person that lived on the land was a vassal to the lord of the manor meaning if the vassal were a knight they would get a fief for protecting the noble and if the vassal were a peasant/serf they would receive a fief for serving the lord of the manor. During the Middle Ages everyone was in a different social class that can usually be put into a pyramid.
The Church at the top has the most power while at the bottom you see the peasants and serfs have the least.
The Church at the top has the most power while at the bottom you see the peasants and serfs have the least.

There was also something called the 1/10 rule. The 1/10 rule stated that if you were a farmer you gave the classes above you 1/10 of your harvest and others would give the classes above them 1/10 of their food and land. When you had a legal problem the feudal system caused you to go to the lord of your manor or if you were a noble and your case was important enough you would go to the king. When knights had a problem to solve it was usually done by doing a duel. For people accused of major crimes the Court would put the person through an Ordeal which is where person would have to do something outrageous and if they lived or weren't hurt they were assumed innocent, but until then they were guilty. Feudalism was bought to Europe by William the Conqueror of Normandy.

I hope this helped give you a general idea of Feudalism during the Middle Ages.