During the Stone Age, the climate and weather changed which changed the Earth’s landforms.In search of better climates, people began to explore new places in the world. Hominids first moved from Africa to Asia about 2 million years ago and then spread to Europe and the Southeastern of Asia and Australia. After that, people spread into what is today Russia.
Human Migration (CC)
People then migrated to the northeastern part of America using the land bridge, which existed long ago between what is now Russia and Alaska. From there, people rapidly traveled to South America. As people were traveling north into Asia, they had to cross the Himalayan Mountain Range. That slowed down traveling there a lot. Once they got to northeast Asia they went across the land bridge into North America. People had made tools that made migrating faster and traveling easier. As people migrated and split up into groups, they formed their own cultures and societies.
The cave paintings of Lascaux was done in the Upper Old Stone Age
Paintings in the cave of Lascaux (CC)

In the Stone Age people lived in hunter-gatherer societies. In these societies, the men hunted and the women looked for food growing on bushes and trees and cared for the children. The hunters worked together to hunt down large animals such as mammoths. This method was very efficient. They used caves for shelter and stones for weapons. As separate groups of hominids lived, they eventually began developing their own culture and ways of life. They developed different languages and religions. They used dye from barriers to make cave paintings (see above). These were some of the first signs of culture. As they developed culture they also developed tools.
During the early Paleolithic era, or the Old Stone Age, early tools were as simple as finding a rock on the ground. They threw rocks at animals and people to kill them. They were able to manipulate the stones to make them more efficient for different jobs, for example, the hand ax.
Stone Age Tools (CC)

In the Mesolithic Era, humans used bone and stone tools; they also made hooks and fishing spears. Some humans there were even able to use bow and arrows and canoes. They domesticated dogs to help them hunt and also to protect them from attacking animals. These tools helped people to gain more food in a shorter amount of time and increase the chance of survival among humans.

Tools from the Neolithic era evolved from the Mesolithic era. Some of the tools in the Neolithic era were primitive saws and drills. As people learned to farm during this period they made tools that helped them grow crops. People also learned to harness the power of fire. This helped them cook the meat and not spend so much time trying to chew raw meat. This saved even more energy and time for the humans to hunt for more food or do other things.This led to the start of agriculture, people domesticated more animals and started planting their own crops. They had an almost guaranteed source of food, which gave people a better chance of living. Since people had a better chance of living and had more energy, they were able to have more kids, which caused the population to increase. New ideas and technologies were being made that set the course of the future. The Stone Age was the foundation of the world today.

Created by Eric on June 5, 2008
Images by Molly on November 21, 2011

Burstien, Stanley M., and Richard Shek. Holt Social Studies World History. Austin: Holt, 2006. 24-43

Joe, Alexander. Cave Art Rocks. 2007. Drakensberg Mountains. Cave Art Rocks. 8 June 2008 <http://blogs.guardian.co.uk/art/2007/12/cave_art_rocks.html>.

Moore, Tom. 2007. Dear Kitty. Some Blog :: How Early Humans Migrated From Africa to Europe :: January :: 2007. 8 June 2008 <http://dearkitty.blogsome.com/2007/01/11/how-early-humans-migrated-from-africa-to-europe/>.

Stone Age Tools Large. Index of /Enterhtml/Sir_Vent/Dribbling_Rivalry/Images. 8 June 2008 <http://ygraine.membrane.com/enterhtml/Sir_Vent/Dribbling_Rivalry/images/>.

More Links: Added by Mr. Holman
Virtual Tour of Lascaux in France
Second Tour of Lascaux in France